The term Punjab, derived from Persian phrase "punj" which means five and "ab" meaning water, is the prosperous land of five rivers. Punjab is divided between Pakistan and also India, nevertheless this fertile property includes a rich history and are available throughout accounts of the Vedas, the Puranas and furthermore the Ramayana.
Punjab enjoys the particular exclusive status involving their state where the oldest guide regarding human history, Rig-Veda was written. This specific prolific state provides usually been an embodiment of academic excellence. The idea has been the actual ancient middle regarding grammar, law, astrology and medicine. The Particular importance associated with Punjab ended up being in addition felt by simply Mughals which mentioned relating to this prosperous region within their books. Accounts of Punjab are also discovered inside the textbooks "Tarikh-e-Sher Shah", "Ain-e-Akbar" and "Tuzk-e-Janhageeri" published simply by fantastic Mughal Emperors.
After the actual conquest regarding Punjab simply by King Darius, individuals with the region took over as staunch believers associated with Buddhism. However, through the actual years Punjab underwent a new large amount of alter religiously and when Guru Nanak Dev preached Sikhism to the people, Punjab became any Sikh vast majority area.
Historically, Punjab can be rich also it is assumed from the historians that the region associated with Punjab was breeding ground regarding the world oldest civilizations such as the Indus Valley (7000 BC), Harappa and also Mohenjo-Daro (3000 BC). These types of civilizations later on declined and also fall under oblivion. The Actual territory associated with Punjab has been then raided by Aryans whom came from North West firstly as migrants and then ruled from 1500 to end up being able to 500 BC. They Will were the particular once which released the particular language associated with Sanskrit along with Rig-Veda was created throughout the rule associated with Aryans.
Punjab enjoined the great Persian Empires, thus following Aryans, it came beneath the rule involving Persia. King Darius regarding Persia will be reported to become the first invader involving Punjab and also captured some parts, but the entire Punjab came below your rule in the Persian Empire throughout the reign King Gustasp inside 516 BC. Nevertheless around 321 BC Alexander your great invaded Punjab and also crushed the actual maintain Persian dynasty. Alexander right after his invasion divided Punjab into two cities that he gave these beneath the particular charge of the actual Greeks as well as Macedonians and it thrived and prospered long afterwards his departure.
Arab rose for the energy after the birth of Islam in the 6th Century as well as challenged the particular mighty rule of the Persians. Throughout 711-713 AD Arabs expanded their own empire and also advanced in direction of Punjab invading Multan. Mahmud ascended the throne throughout 997 following his father Subuktgin death, ended up being successful inside conquering Punjab. He sukhbir singh badal had been later on replaced through Ghauris who expanded their own empire in order to Delhi as well as ruled Punjab along with nearly just about all of the India until the actual institution associated with great Mughal Dynasty.
However your reigns associated with Punjab were later taken by simply Sikh whom got into energy from 1700 in order to 1849 AD. Ranjit Singh, who was known for his unwavering strength set up Sikh Empire, that lasted till 1849 once the British annexed Punjab as well as ended the fantastic rule involving Sikhs. However, during Indian struggle pertaining to independence, Punjab Sikhs played a new main role and as a result are nevertheless remembered pertaining to his or her courage along with mighty strength. Folks regarding Punjab actively participated inside the War associated with Independence (1857) as well as faced the particular ferocious atrocity through the hands regarding Britishers through the Jalianwala Bagh massacre.
The contemporary Punjab is the terrain involving diverse culture which usually offers prospered and also achieved tremendous growth following your green revolution in the actual program of 1970s. This property will become the backbone of India and additionally this region fulfill the demands of the country's food supply. Thus Punjab is the heart associated with India and can be also considered as the middle associated with political as well as economic progress.
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